Dental plaques are soft and sticky materials that forms of bacteria which can formed in to calalus also called tartar. Plaques are formed by the accumulation of the minerals from the saliva in to the teeth and can be removed by regular brushing and using floss. Plaques are developed when food containing sugars are left in the mouth and the bacteria thrive on it. Dental plaque are formed by the chemical reaction that take place in the mouth in the presence of bacteria,carbohydrate,food particle and saliva. Candy and cookies have more carbohydrates in them that makes platform for forming more plaque in the teeth.

Causes of dental plaque formation

Inadequate oral hygiene is one of the causes of dental plaque . Most dental plaques are formed due to the poor brushing habit of the teeth. It is always recommended to brush the teeth at least twice a day with soft brush and fluoride containing tooth paste. Some times food particle get trapped between the teeth which makes difficult to remove it from there. Flossing is the best methods to remove the leftover food particle from the teeth. Flossing at least once a day or immediately after eating food that you think trapped between the teeth is helpful to remove them. Eating too much of sugar containing food make the mouth suitable for bacterial reaction which cause the formation of the dental plaque and ultimately the tartar which is the harder substance to remove with the help of normal tooth brushing.

Prevention

It is a common myth that people lose teeth as get older but this is not true. Following ways can minimize the tooth decay and lose of teeth. Formation of dental plaque can be minimised by brushing the teeth at least twice a day with soft tooth brush and using fluoride containing tooth paste. Using hard brush and hard brushing does not protect the teeth from decay but in fact damages the enamel. Using circular motion during the brushing minimize the damage to the teeth and use of fluoride paste which contain the fluoride which protects the enamel from the decay also helps the formation of plaque in the teeth. Brushing the tongue also helps to remove the food particle left on the mouth which will reduce the formation of plaque through the bacteria. Flossing the teeth at least once a day can remove the food particle that are trapped within the teeth Visit to dentist every six months for check ups can reduce the damage to the teeth and building up of the plaque

Most plaque get harder within 48 hrs of formation and within several days it becomes more harder to remove with help of tooth brush and requires to visit dentist to remove using instruments scrapping of the teeth. There are toothpaste that promises to control and remove the plaque off the teeth but work only before the plaque becomes hard and forms tartar