Should edema treated
It should be treated with drugs if the underlining cause is serious. Edema can also be treated self with the consultation with the pharmacist or other health care provider and some form of the edema does not require medical treatment.
Edema is a general swelling of body tissue that causes a visible rising on the part of the body affected. Symptoms include puffed up and swollen body parts, part of skin that remains depressed after applying pressure, stretchy skin, and unusual increase in the size of the abdomen.
Risk factors or causes
It is a natural reaction of the body to any significant damage it takes. Bruised blood vessels suffer leakage, and the resulting fluid causes swelling in nearby body tissues. Medical conditions that also cause the condition include heart disease, low albumin, and allergic reaction and is also common during pregnancy.
To treat the condition the root problems that cause the edema have to be dealt with. The condition related to liver disease can be treated with a water pill (diuretic),This condition related to heart failure can be treated by controlling the levels of sodium intake. Edema caused by a tumor can be surgically removed, or treated with chemotherapy. Edema caused by blood clots can be effectively treated using blood thinners. Edema stemming from allergic reactions can be dealt with using antihistamines. Other forms of this condition and their treatment solutions are listed below.
Lymphedema. Treatment includes the use of garments that compress the swelling. A detailed skin-care routine will also help relieve lymphedema.
Ascites. Paracentesis is the preferred treatment in this kind of condition . Diuretics can also be used, as well as a sodium-controlled diet system.
Cirrhosis. Spironolactone is used in treating the condition
Pedal edema. This kind is caused by calcium channel blockers. It is treated using angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors.
There are things you can do to combat different forms of edema without going to the doctor or using medication and these ways it can be treated.
Weight loss. For those that are overweight, edema would be significantly brought under control if the bulk of weight is shed.
Exercise. Deliberately exercising the body regularly through activities like jogging, playing soccer, or taking the stairs instead of the elevator will do much good in controlling this condition.
Diet. Some underlying causes can be dealt with by a simple reduction in the amount of daily sodium consumption in foods and drinks.
Circulation. Don’t lie down, sit down, or stand still for extended periods of time, as this reduces blood flow and circulation, thereby increasing chances of edema.
Body hose. A stocking-like garment can be worn on the affected part of the body to compress swelling.
Drugs used in treating
Diuretics are the most common drugs used in the treatment . There are different kinds of diuretics; their major function is to get rid of unnecessary water and salt through the urine. Loop diuretics include furosemide, bumetanide, and torsemide. Other diuretics include Amiloride, Triamterene, Spironolactone, and thiazide diuretics.